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Publisher & Editor
Jonathan Gramling

Staff Reporter
Hedi Rudd

Contributing Writers
Sujhey Beisser, Fabu, Nichelle Nichols,
John Y. Odom, Donna Parker, Heidi
Pascual, Angela Puerta, Jamala Rogers,
Kwame Salter, Angelica Euseary, Wayne
Strong, Kipp Thomas, and Nia Trammell

Heidi M. Pascual
Vol. 15    No. 13
JUNE 29, 2020
Freedom and Juneteenth Day
to Advertise
Freedom is a never-ending pursuit on God’s green acre. It is hardly
something static or a status that is achieved for all time. I forget
how many times the Israelites were enslaved by one foe or another
in the Old Testament.

And of course, there are conditions of neo-slavery where the
systems are put in place that achieve the same result as actual
slavery, but the mechanism for making that so is almost invisible.
For instance, after the African nations achieved their independence
starting in the 1950s, policies and procedures were put into place
including trading agreements and mutual-protection pacts. Did you
ever wonder why France would send its troops into Francophone
countries when there was unrest and threats to overthrow the
government in African nations?
The effect of this neo-colonial relationship between Europe and
Africa was the continued shipment of cheap raw materials from
Africa to feed manufacturing in Europe. And they could do it without
the expense and trouble of actually occupying Africa.

The same is true in the United States. I wrote the following in
observation of Juneteenth Day back in 2012:

“Juneteenth Day is still an important milestone in our nation’s
history that should be used to reflect on the price that many have
paid for individual freedom in this country. Up to that point in 1865,
many Africans who were slaves gave their lives in many different
ways in their quest for freedom, whether it was through joining the
Continental Army under George Washington to fight in the
Revolutionary War to being put to death for trying to escape to
fighting on the side of the Union during the Civil War.

For those who came of age or were adults in the 1950s, it was the
Civil Rights Movement that was fought for the liberty of African
Americans, resulting in the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965
and the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968.
These laws won more freedom for African Americans and other
people of color. --
Columns & Features
Editor's Corner
by Jonathan Gramling
The Aftermath of the Supreme Court’s
DACA Decision
By Salvador Carranza from information
provided by the Association of Landmark
by Heidi M. Pascual
The Naked
by Jamala Rogers
The Naked
by Jamala Rogers
We Are Responsible for Creating the
Change We Need
A guest editorial by State Superintendent
Carolyn Stanford Taylor